After WW11, Brussels had been damaged substantially and plans were implemented to restructure the region. The region was divided into two, the Flanders and the Walloon Provinces, with restricted powers. The Brussels Capital Region was founded on June 18, 1989 with its own government and capital.
Belgium was one of the first countries to join the European Union and along with the association of several other European organisations, more importantly it became the headquarters of the European Economic Community (1957).
Brussels’ new involvement with the EU saw many changes within the city centre. There were many developments that began and were not completed for a while as those responsible had other priorities in mind, therefore the city was majorly disrupted and many locals even lost their homes to railway structures, such as the Gare Centrale that had uprooted many buildings. Further structural transformations followed in 1958 when Brussels was set to host the World Fair; the old city walls surrounding the centre were rapidly changed into a network of motorway links making the city easily accessible.
In 1967 Brussels became the headquarters of NATO. By that time, a lot of ancient Brussels had been torn apart and modern buildings were erected in place to accommodate the EU integration, for example the Berlaymont building had opened which consisted of offices belonging to the European Economic Community (EEC).
The highly respected King Baudouin who prevented Belgium from dividing, passed away in 1993. His brother King Albert II then took over. In 2001 Brussels officially became the Capital of Europe and the Euro currency came into place. Many new industries and plants continued spurting up , resulting in difficulty to balance historic treasure and modern infrastructure. Furthermore, the city was bombarded by officials, diplomats and other consultants all involved with the European Union.